Key Fact 2

Teachers' Guide

This is the main guide for Cooking and food skills for children aged 5-8 years.

Key Fact 1

There is a variety of ingredients that can be used for cooking.

Key Fact 2

There are lots of different pieces of equipment used in cooking, some of which have special jobs.

Key Fact 3

There are a number of basic food skills which enable us to cook a variety of dishes.

Key Fact 4

It is important to store, prepare and cook food safely and hygienically.

Key Fact 5

When planning to cook, we need to consider the time of day, person and occasion.

Video downloads - Peel, chop and grate

See how to prepare fruit and vegetables safely.

Video downloads - Cool creations

See how to make some recipes that do not need any cooking!

Video downloads - Hot and happening

See how to cook delicious hot meals.

Video downloads - Brilliant baking

See how to bake a range of recipes.

Cool creations

Non-cook recipes for the primary school classroom.

Hot and happening

Recipes that involve the use of the grill or hob.

Brilliant baking

Baking recipes for the primary classroom.

Videos: Peel, chop and grate

See how to prepare fruit and vegetables safely.

Videos: Cool creations

See how to make some recipes that do not need any cooking!

Videos: Hot and happening

See how to cook delicious hot meals.

Videos: Brilliant baking

See how to bake a range of recipes.
Key Fact 2a

Key Fact 2: There are lots of different pieces of equipment used in cooking, some of which have special jobs.

a) To be able to name a range of simple equipment.

Show children a variety of different equipment.  Or use the Equipment photographs Cards 203 or the Equipment PowerPoint 203.
Some of the available equipment photographs are:

  • Knife, fork, spoon;
  • Chopping board;
  • Peeler;
  • Grater;
  • Mixing bowl;
  • Cutter;
  • Kitchen scissors;
  • Garlic press;
  • Can opener;
  • Weighing scales;
  • Measuring spoons;
  • Sieve;
  • Measuring jug;
  • Wooden spoon;
  • Vegetable knife.

Question the children:

  • What is this piece of equipment called?
  • What is its special job/s?

Demonstrate how some of the equipment is used by making a guacamole dip:

  • Halve avocado and lime – knife and chopping board
  • Squeeze the lime – juice squeezer
  • Crush garlic – garlic press
  • Combine ingredients – bowl and fork

Show the children the Dips Video and ask them to spot what equipment is need to make the hummus dip and how it is used.

You could allow the children to taste some of the dip.  Refer to the Tasting checklist Guide 200.  You will also need the Permission letter Guide 201.

Use the Equipment SMARTBoard 200 activity to show the children how to match items to their names and functions.

Sort the children into groups of 2 or 3 and give them the What is it? Cards 204, cut out (you may wish to laminate them as well).  The children need to match the pictures of the equipment to their names and functions.  Tell the children that this is the same task that was demonstrated on the SMARTBoard.  For younger or less able children you could omit the function cards. 

The cards could also be used to play a pairs activity.  This is done by taking the pictures of the equipment and their names, shuffling them, and spreading them out face down.  Children then take it in turns to choose two cards and see if they go together.  If they do not, the must replace the cards but if they do, they win the cards.

Extension: give children the What’s that? Worksheet 204.  They need to identify what the equipment is and then draw in the rest of it.


b) To know that some equipment has a special job and know what that special job is, e.g. colander, peeler.

Organise the classroom so you can demonstrate to the children how to use some equipment.  Look at the teacher sheet Demonstration Guide 202 for tips on how to organise your classroom. 

Demonstrate the following using best practise, see Skills Guide 203:

  • Sieve;
  • Cutter;
  • Scissors;
  • Peeler;
  • Grater;
  • Juice squeezer.

Discuss each skill.  Question children:

  • Have you seen this equipment/skill used before?
  • Do you know what can be made using this skill and equipment?
  • How can we make sure this is done safely?

Show some of the videos which show these skills and being used in recipes.


Get children to complete the Using equipment Worksheet 205.   The worksheet requires them to draw hands using the equipment, food being prepared and also asks children to indicate any safety considerations.


c) To be able to use a range of simple equipment.

Organise the classroom and the children for food work.  See Demonstration and Hygiene and safety checklist Guides 202 and 204 for tips on how to organise your classroom.

Explain to the children that they will be preparing some playtime snacks using some of the equipment they have learnt about previously, and some new equipment. 

Demonstrate, using best practise, the skills you will be asking the children to use you can use some or all of the activities from the following list:

  • Grapes being washed in a colander, rest the colander on a plate after to prevent dipping;
  • A carrot being peeled with a peeler;
  • An orange being juiced with a juice squeezer;
  • Cheese being grated with a stand up grater (this can then be arranged on crackers);
  • Kitchen scissors being used to cut pepper slices (deseed and half the pepper lengthways, first).
  • Kitchen scissors, a bowl and spoons to make a Cheese dip.

Note: these activities deliberately do not include knife cutting skills as these will be taught in following sessions.

You could also show the skills videos Peeling and Grating for reinforcement.

As you show each skill, talk to the children about what you are doing and highlight the safety points.  Demonstrate how to present the food well, e.g. in an attractive arrangement.

Plan this task so that each child will be able to experience working with at least 2 pieces of equipment.

When the activity is complete, arrange what has been made on one table and ask some of the children to talk about what they did and name the equipment they used.
Allow the children to eat what they have prepared.  Remember to instruct the children on how to do this hygienically* (Hygiene and safety checklist Guide 204). 

*Note: children will look at food hygiene in more detail in the following lesson.  For the food work in this session, instruct the children on what they must do, save discussion for following lessons.

Plenary

Revise the names and uses for different piece of equipment.  Use some of the activities suggested in the Key Fact 1 plenary but substitute the ingredients for the equipment.

Further activities

Create a wall display of ingredients and equipment to remind the children what different equipment is called and how it is used.

Downloadable resources