Key Fact 2: Food has to be farmed, caught or grown at home.
a) To know how animals are farmed.
Question the children:
- Have you ever visited a farm where animals live?
- What did you see?
- What animals live on farms?
- What do you think an animal needs to grow and stay healthy?
Explain that all animals need food and water to stay alive and a clean place to sleep makes the animals comfortable.
Look at the Farming food PowerPoint to help the children learn more about how farmers rear animals to supply food. Use the Farming Food Interactive Whiteboard Activity to help consolidate the main points.
Some animals, like fish, are caught for food. Fishing usually takes place in the sea, rivers or lakes. Show children the Fishing video clip and question them about what they see. Explain to children that fish can also be farmed. This involves fish being bred in a type of container or enclosure.
Arrange a visit to an animal farm so children can find out more about the animals there and how they are cared for. Alternatively, the children could use books or the internet to learn about how other animals are farmed, e.g. lambs
Using information from the Farming food PowerPoint, a farm visit, research from books or the internet, get children to complete the Farming food Worksheet 304.
Additional activity suggestion:
To help children learn more about the variety of fish available, you could use the Seafish snap cards. These show 12 different fish which can be found in the sea. Children can:
- look at the 12 fish and sort/group them in different ways;
- compare and contrast features of different fish;
- choose a fish and find out five facts about it.
The cards can also be used to play snap or pairs.
b) To know how plants are farmed.
This session will look at how wheat is farmed and how strawberries are farmed. You can cover both of these in the session or do them on separate occasions.
Question the children:
- What foods do think can be grown on a farm?
- How do you think they are grown?
Show children the Growing food 1 PowerPoint 305 and the From wheat to bread Video clip and discuss how wheat is grown and turned into different foods.
Show children Growing food 2 PowerPoint 306 and question them about how strawberries are grown.
Show the Fruit and vegetable harvesting Video clip. Question the children:
- What fruit and vegetables can you see in the video clip?
- How are they harvested?
- Why are they harvested in different ways?
Children can complete the What’s growing on the farm? Worksheet 305.
Use the Which season? Interactive Whiteboard Activity to look at when fruit and vegetables are in season throughout the year.
You could arrange a visit to a fruit or arable farm so children can explore farming further.
c) To know that people can grow their own food at home.
Talk to the children about what can be grown at home:
- Do you grow any food at home?
- Does anyone you know?
- What sorts of things can be grown at home?
- Where about are things at home grown? (Allotment, greenhouse, garden, window sill.)
Look at the Growing at home PowerPoint 307 to aid the discussion about what can be grown at home.
Note: The PowerPoint shows salsa, potato salad and salad Nicoise, and lists ingredients in these dishes which can be grown at home. It should be noted that these dishes contain additional ingredients which are not listed, e.g. anchovies, mayonnaise.
Show the Growing potatoes Video clip. Question the children on what the potatoes need to grow well.
If you already have a food garden at school, take the children out to work on the garden. Discuss with the children what plants need to survive, e.g. water and light. If you do not already grow food at school, start preparing and planning what can be done. Organise some planting, e.g. potatoes in a bucket, strawberries in a grow bag, herbs on the classroom window ledge.
Recap with the children.
- What animals can be found on farms?
- What do farmers do to look after their animals?
- What foods can be grown on farms?
- What does the farmer do to grow foods?
- What foods do people grow at home?
Harvest festival: Arrange an assembly or classroom activities focusing on harvest festival. The following resources could be used:
Use the Harvest time PowerPoint to set the scene. Explore the themes of harvest, as well as when different food is harvested throughout the year. Use the following worksheets to consolidate different aspects: Down on the farm Worksheet, Growing food Worksheet and Harvest time Worksheet. Use other resources from Key Fact 1 and 2 to help bring Harvest to life, e.g. videos, photographs and interactive games.
Explore the theme of Harvest festival with the children. What does it mean to them? Ask children to create a display or artwork highlighting their thoughts and understanding. Use the What does Harvest mean to me? Worksheet.
Plan to cook some dishes with ingredients which can be grown at home, e.g. potato salad, salsa, garden salad.
For lots of support and recipes look at the Cooking and food skills module of the Food – a fact of life website.