Key Fact 5

Teachers' Guide

This is the main guide for healthy eating for children aged 8-11 years.

Key Fact 1

Around the world people choose and combine different foods to make meals and snacks. The total amount and range of foods eaten is called the diet.

Key Fact 2

A healthy diet is made up from a variety and balance of different foods and drinks, as depicted in the Eatwell Guide.

Key Fact 3

To be active and healthy, food is needed to provide energy for the body.

Key Fact 4

A variety of food is needed in the diet because different foods contain different substances that are needed for health. These are nutrients, water and fibre.

Key Fact 5

Being active and looking after yourself are important for health.
Key Fact 5

Key Fact 5: Being active and looking after yourself are important for health.

This section provides you with detailed teaching plans for Key Fact 5, including links to all the downloadable resources.


a) To understand that we should all be physically active throughout the day.

Introduction
Tell the children that it is recommended that they should be physically active for 60 minutes everyday. Use the Being healthy PowerPoint 154 to help.

Introduce the children to the 3 different types of physical activity:
• active living, e.g. walking, gardening;
• active recreation, e.g. play, dance, cycling;
• organised sport, e.g. school sport, competitions.

Ask the children to keep an activity diary, looking at the 3 different types of activity. Use the Being active Worksheet 166.

Get the children to compare their activity charts with each other.

  • How could they improve?
  • What steps could be taken?

Create a class activity chart on the wall.


b) To understand that to keep teeth healthy, everyone should brush their teeth twice a day.

Discuss the concept of looking after teeth with the children. Ask:

  • Who brushes their teeth twice a day?
  • Who has visited the dentist recently?

Use the discussion to make the following points:

  • We all need to brush our teeth twice a day, with fluoride toothpaste. A pea-sized amount should be on the brush.
  • Sticky foods, or those containing a lot of sugar should not be eaten too frequently throughout the day.
  • Sugar containing foods and drinks could be eaten as part of main meals, rather than throughout the day.

c) To understand that keeping hands clean and wearing an apron when cooking are important for hygiene.

Explain to children that when we handle or cook with food, it is important that we are clean and hygienic.

Ask the children:

  • When cooking or handling food, what do you need to consider?
  • Where should the food be kept?
  • Do you need to wear any special clothes?

Get the children to complete the Hygiene Worksheet 154 to test their knowledge.


d) To understand that we all need to keep well hydrated throughout the day.

Explain to the children that it is very important that they drink regularly throughout the day. We are encouraged to drink 6-8 cups a day of lots of different types of fluid.

Ask the children:

  • How much do they drink in a day?
  • What is their favourite type of drink?
  • Do they have a drink at lunchtime?

Explain to the children that when the weather is hot, or they have been active, they will need to drink more. Good choices include water, milk and fruit juice.


Plenary

Recap with children


We all need to be more physically active.

We all need to look after our teeth.

We all need to keep clean and hygienic when cooking or handling food.

We all need to drink regularly throughout the day.

Further activities

Organise a Nutrition Olympics event in your school. Get everyone involved! To take part in different events, children must first answer a nutrition question correctly. Then they can take part in different fun games and activities, e.g. watermelon weight lifting! What other games can the children devise? You could also organise a healthy picnic with parents/carers at the same time.

Downloadable resources