- Identify different types of grain, where they are grown and their main uses.
- Describe the steps used in processing wheat grain to flour.
- Explain the steps used in the production of bread from farm to fork, including food assurance schemes.
- The grain game presentation (types of grain, grown and uses)
- Samples: ear of wheat, grains, flour and bread.
- The Grain Chain presentation
- The Grain Chain worksheet
- The Grain Chain cards
- Wheat farming Video (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CrGHYs3QP-w)
- Wheat into flour Video (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3wyhzKX97Vk)
- Bread making process Video (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kphmtNykXAU)
- Bread making (at school) (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2ErmAS0oLY4)
- How many different types of grain can the pupils name? Quiz pupils on the names and uses of different grains. Use The Grain Game presentation to support – ask pupils to vote on the grains and suggest foods that are made from different grains. You may wish to arrange a display of different grains to be set out.
- Grains form part of a healthy, varied diet. Grains are in the starchy food group in The Eatwell Guide. What nutrients do grains provide? (Carbohydrate, fibre, vitamins and minerals.)
- Explore the ‘grain chain’ with the pupils. What steps to they think are involved? If possible, use props to engage pupils – look at an ear of wheat, focus on the grains. Where is the flour? How can the flour be extracted from the grains? How is the flour made into bread?
- Use The Grain Chain presentation to examine all the steps involved. Pupils can use the The Grain Chain worksheet to answer questions as you go through the presentation.
- Bring the ‘chain’ to life – use the three videos (see above) to show the grain chain in action.
- Ask pupils to place the the Grain Chain Cards into the correct order. Ask them to list different foods that could be made from the grain.
- Show the Bread making video (at school) so that pupils are reminded of the main stages involved.
- Make bread, scones or savoury muffins, demonstrating the versatility of flour. Check out the GrainChain website for recipes.
- Find out more about the Red Tractor logo. Collect packaging that displays the logo for products made from wheat.
Recap the learning by questioning the pupils:
- What are the main stages of the grain chain?
- Name three different grains. Wheat, oats and barley.
- What foods can be made with each of these grains?
- What is made from wheat?
- List the stages involved in making bread.
- Cook a variety of dishes using different cereals.
- Create a display showing the grain chain. Allocate different steps in the chain to small groups of pupils.
- Focus on the contribution made by grains to healthy eating.
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