Dairy (7-11 Years)

Activities and resources for 7-11 year olds about dairy (milk) - from grass to glass.

Knowledge Organiser

To view more Knowledge Organisers for pupils aged 7-11 years, go to the Knowledge Organiser area.

7 - 11 YR
Dairy, meat and fish KO 7-11

A knowledge organiser providing key facts around dairy, meat and fish.

Activity 1

Milk production

This activity is about the origins of milk and how it is produced in the UK.

Explain to the children that they will be investigating where milk comes from. To set the scene, as children the following:

  • Where does our milk come from?
  • What animal provides our milk? (Note, other animals also provide milk in smaller quantities, e.g. sheep and goat.)
  • Where do the cows live? (They live on a farm and are reared by a farmer.)
  • How does the milk get from the cows (the farm) to the shops for us to purchase?
  • Can we drink the milk straight from the cow? (No, it needs to be processed.)

If children are struggling with these questions, show children the From glass to grass poster or the The journey of milk frieze to help stimulate discussion.

Use the Milk production presentation to go through the main stages of milk production in the UK. Ask pupils to complete the Milk production worksheet.

Key points include:

  • Dairy cow are reared by farmers around the UK.
  • The farmer looks after the dairy farms.
  • The dairy cows are milked two-three times a day.
  • The milk is taken from the farm to be processed.
  • The milk is treated to make it safe to drink and put into bottles or cartons.
  • The fresh milk is for sale in shops.

Activity ideas

  • Display a selection of dairy food, such as milk, yogurt and cheese. Ask the children to name each food. You could set-up a tasting session.
  • Using the Milk production presentation as a basis, ask children to create a display in the classroom of the stages of milk production. Small groups can focus on particular stages or important themes, such as looking after the environment or the products made from milk.
  • Use the Learn with story: The farm visit to introduce dairy farming to the children. The resource comprises a story, along with a number of worksheets and support materials. Click here.
  • Use the A year on the dairy farm poster to show the children what happens on a dairy farm throughout the year. Highlight what happens in the four seasons.
  • Arrange a visit to a dairy farm. Allow the children to use the My dairy farm visit booklet to record their experiences.
  • Make a recipe containing milk, yogurt or cheese. Click here to go to the recipe section.


7 - 11 YR
Milk production

A presentation exploring how milk is produced in the UK.

7 - 11 YR
Milk production worksheet

A worksheet about milk production in the UK.

The journey of milk frieze

Posters looking at the journey milk takes from grass to glass.

From grass to glass poster

A poster about the journey of milk from grass to glass.

A year on a dairy farm advanced poster

A poster looking at what happens on a dairy farm.

Dairy farm visit booklet

A booklet looking at what happens on a dairy farm.

Dairy cow breeds poster

A poster looking at different breeds of dairy cow.

Tasting guide

A guide to support running a food tasting session.

Ingredient check letter

A template letter to send home about pupils handling and/or eating different ingredients.

Farming food for you - dairy

A poster about the dairy farm and farmer.

Dairy farming video

A video from a dairy farmer discussing what happens on a dairy farm.

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