Chelsea buns


250g strong white flour

1 x 2.5ml spoon salt

40g butter or hard baking fat

125ml milk                               

7g pack of fast action dried yeast

75g currants

25g mixed peel

25g Demerara sugar

1 x 5ml spoon mixed spices or cinnamon


Weighing scales, round or square cake tin, mixing bowl, sieve, measuring jug, mixing spoon, rolling pin, flour dredger, small saucepan, pastry brush, pastry brush, oven gloves.


  1. Preheat the oven to 220ºC or gas mark 7.
  2. Grease or line a deep-sided roasting tin or Swiss roll tin.
  3. Sift the flour and salt into a bowl.
  4. Rub in 15g of the butter or hard baking fat.
  5. Add the yeast.
  6. Warm the milk until lukewarm.
  7. Pour the warm milk into the flour mixture.
  8. Mix into a soft dough.
  9. Knead the dough for 10 minutes until smooth and elastic.
  10. Roll out into a square (25cm x 25cm) on a floured surface.
  11. Melt the remaining butter or hard baking fat in a small saucepan, then brush over the dough.
  12. Sprinkle the currants, mixed peel, spice and sugar over the dough.
  13. Roll up the dough like a Swiss roll.
  14. Cut into 8 slices.
  15. Arrange slices in baking tin, cover and leave to rise (until they double in size).
  16. Bake for 20 minutes, until golden brown.

Top tips:

  • Grate an apple (with the skin on) and add to the dried fruit mix.
  • Zest and juice an orange. Add the juice to the dough instead of some of the milk and the zest to the dried fruit mix.


Why not use the Explore Food calculator, the British Nutrition Foundation's free online nutritional analysis programme, to calculate the nutritional information for this and other Food - a fact of life recipes?

Food skills:

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Mix, Stir & Combine
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Melt, simmer and boil
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Glaze & Coat
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Cut, Chop, Slice, Dice & Trim
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